Copy Link
Add to Bookmark

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)

Your end-all guide to repairing the Playstation 2 game console. Crafted by our own zxspeky.

PS_2's profile picture
Published in 
Playstation 2 tutorials
 · 10 Oct 2020

Safety and esd

Always take care when opening your ps2, never switch the console on when the laser is visible, laser radiation can damage your site permanently, hen orking on the power supply handle as little as possible and with caution, capacitors can store power for a long time and at dangerous levels.

Always take precautions against esd (electro static discharge), when working on your ps2, wear an anti-static wrist strap; or ground yourself by touching a radiator for a few seconds before and during work.

Removing the ps2 case (top)

Tools required by this guide are,

  1. A normal size star (Phillips) screwdriver
  2. A very small Phillips screwdriver
  3. A small, flat screwdriver
  4. Some isopropyl alcohol (IPA)
  5. A few cotton buds
  6. Some mechanical grease
  7. A can of compressed air
  8. A multi meter

1) Remove any CDs from the unit and unplug all leads and memory cards. Turn the unit upside down and use a small, flat screwdriver to prize out all the little plastic screw covers, and rubber feet.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

2) Take your normal sized Phillips screwdriver and unscrew all the screws.

3) Make a note of where each part comes from; store them in a box to keep them safe.

4) Turn the unit back up the right way, holding it all together. Place on the work surface and gently ease the case open. You will have to tilt the lid slightly towards the front, and slide out to avoid the cd tray. BE CAREFUL not to damage the eject/power button ribbon cable, as these are very fragile, and are taped to the top of the cd tray cover, as you slide the lid off over the cd tray, tilt the lid to the right, and watch from underneath so that you can see the ribbon cable.

Before you go any further, it will help to plug in the console, (being careful not to touch any components) and eject the cd tray, then turn off the power from the back of the console; so that the tray stays out, this will give you access to the laser lens.

Disk Read Errors (DRE)

When you get the dreaded Disk Read Error, there are a few possible remedies that you can try. These are the steps for those procedures.

Cleaning the laser lens

1) Remove the 4 tiny screws from the cd tray cover, and lift the cover off (you will feel some resistance, but this is just the magnetic disc holding on to the disc hub).

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

2) Using a Q tip with a small amount of isopropyl alcohol, gently rub the laser lens, and then use the dry end to remove excess alcohol.

3) Replace just the tray cover, then try playing some discs, you do not need to screw the cover on each time, the magnet will hold it on.

Adjusting the laser angle

If the disc read error still occurs, you may be able to rectify it by adjusting the laser angle; this is done by turning the white cog at the rear of the cd tray, this cog adjusts the angle of the laser to the disc.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

(this may differ on various versions), first, using a permanent marker, make a mark on the cog so that you know the original position of the cog, adjust this cog onenotch at a time, and try playing a DVD game, cd game, DVD film and music cd until the ps2 reads them all, again; you do not need to screw the cover on each time, the magnet will hold it on, this is a time consuming job but it needs to be done this way, to ensure best results.

Whilst you have the unit open it's a good idea to perform some routine cleaning, preferably using a can of air, and check for areas such as the worm drive, and guide arms that may need re-greasing, as these parts can affect the operation of the console if they are dry.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

This should be adjusted just a fraction at a time, being careful not to over tighten, there has to be some slack to allow the laser to move along the guide arm. Again each time you adjust, you should test with each disc.

Adjusting the voltage

For this adjustment you must remove the laser from the unit, follow the steps above to gain access to the laser, once you are able to get at the laser, remove the screw from the end of the guide arm on the worm drive side.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

1 ) Lift the guide arm at the fixing point, and slide it out of the laser arm and its resting point.

2 ) Tilt the laser backwards so that you can remove the ribbon cable

3 ) Unclip the cable from the point indicated, BE CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE CLIP, the clip pulls out, but does not come off completely, I cannot stress enough the importance of being very careful with it, if it breaks off you will have great difficulty in getting the ribbon cable to stay in place when you put it back together.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Once you have the laser free of the cable, you can adjust the pots (potentiometers). You will need to use a multi meter to measure the resistance, measure the 2 top terminals of each pot.

They should both read about 1 K, and should not go below 600 ohms, you need only adjust the pots according to the type of disc your laser is having trouble with, i.e. read errors on DVD only, adjust DVD pot, if you are having trouble with DVD and cd adjust the pots one at a time.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Turning the screw clockwise increases the voltage, counter-clockwise decreases the voltage, make adjustments of about 50 ohms at a time, try decreasing the voltage first.

After each turn try loading a troublesome disc, if you still get disk read errors after going through this process, return the screw to its original position and try increasing the voltage. Increasing voltage to much can cause serious damage to the laser, so this is only recommended as a last ditch attempt, and pots should be turned only a fraction.

Replacing the laser

This is simple, follow the steps above for removing the laser, then just reverse the process using the new laser!, you may have to take the little screw out of the laser arm and put it in the new laser arm, you will then have to set it up by screwing it in a little at a time, and testing it until it reads all types of disc, this can be time consuming but it will help if you can either mark the screw, or make a note of its position before removing it from your old laser.

PS2 Power Supply Repairs

Be very careful when working on the power board as it contains dangerously high voltages, even when not connected to the mains . This is because capacitors can remain charged for some number of hours or days. Take all normal precautions before working in this area. In addition, handle the board as little as possible.

1) Follow the steps above to remove top cover, then remove the two screws from the controller ports.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

2) Lift the innards out of the base cover carefully, making sure that you don't damage the ribbon cable that is attached to the controller ports.

3) Turn the unit upside down whilst holding the controller ports, then remove the screws from the expansion bay plate (not pictured, but it is the dull plate with holes all over it), and the bottom of the psu (power supply unit).

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

4) Next, pull the psu up and out of its connector socket, you will also need to free the on/off switch from its holding plate, by just sliding it out.

A very common failure, which seems to crop up on some of the earlier PS2 models, is power supply failure. When switched on there is no life and often, the internal fuses (or sometimes the fuse in the power lead) blow.

Very often, the fault lies with a very simple component on the power board. The usual component is a diode, of which there are four similar ones. Often though, the same diode fails each time. This is the third of the largish diodes, arrowed in the following picture.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Check the diodes with a continuity meter. If it shorts then it has blown and should be replaced with a 1 Amp diode. You should also test the board fuses (the amount of fuses differs, according to the version of the console) for continuity as one (or all) of these can be blown by the over current. You may also have to replace the mainfuse in the power lead as this can go at the same time.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Replacing the fan

If your fan has stopped working the console will over heat and the cpu (emotion engine), and or the gpu (graphics processor) will burn out, the only solution to this is to replace the fan.

To do this you will need to follow the steps above for removing the psu.

1 ) Once you have the psu removed all you have to do is carefully pull out the plug indicated in the picture, then undo the screw holding the fan in place and slide the fan out.

2 ) Reverse the procedure to fit the new fan.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Problematic drive tray

If your console has been dropped, it's common for the drive tray to stop functioning , properly, or at all . There are several reasons for this.

1) The cogs that operatethe tray are out of alignment.

2) The guide slots on the bottom of the tray are damaged

3) the pin on the arm that opens the tray is broken off.

1) Follow the steps above up to the point of access to the drive tray.

2) When you have access to the drive tray; undo the two small screws that hold the tray in place.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

3) lift the tray from the edge with the Sony symbol on it, then pull the tray forward and it will come away from the console.

4) turn the tray upside down, and check the track for ware,

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

if the track is cracked or broken it will stop the tray from opening properly, if this is the case you will either need to replace the tray, or glue a piece of thin plastic in to the damaged area, but you must make sure it isn't any deeper than the original track, as this may also impede movement.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

If the pin is damaged the tray won't open, and the arm will have to be replaced (see below).

6) If you have still found no damage then the next step is to check the cogs that function with the attached arm.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

First you have to remove the cd unit.

1) Remove the screw that holds the fan in place.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

2) Lift the fan casing up slightly, and prize the front edge up, then lift the back edge up and slide the cd unit forward carefully until it is free. Be very careful not todamage the ribbon cables that attach the cd tray, spindle motor and worm drive (not

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Once you have the cd tray free of the console; turn it upside down.

Playstation 2 Repair Guide (Part 1)
Pin it

Check for broken teeth and misaligned cogs, relign if necessary, if teeth are missing the cog or whole unit will have to be replaced.

← previous
next →
sending ...
New to Neperos ? Sign Up for free
download Neperos App from Google Play
install Neperos as PWA

Let's discover also

Recent Articles

Recent Comments

Neperos cookies
This website uses cookies to store your preferences and improve the service. Cookies authorization will allow me and / or my partners to process personal data such as browsing behaviour.

By pressing OK you agree to the Terms of Service and acknowledge the Privacy Policy

By pressing REJECT you will be able to continue to use Neperos (like read articles or write comments) but some important cookies will not be set. This may affect certain features and functions of the platform.