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1,600-year-old chalice reveals ancient romans used nanotechnology

The Romans knew how to make and how to use nanoparticles for artistic creations. It is not the first time that Roman technology surprises modern researchers, surpassing the current level of knowledge.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 26 May 2024
The Cup of Lycurgus
The wonderful chalice you see in the photo has an intriguing characteristic: when illuminated by a direct source, it appears jade-green in colour, while if the light source is placed behind the object, it will appear blood-red in colour. It is a glass chalice, known as 'The Cup of Lycurgus', as it shows a scene involving King Lycurgus of Thrace, an important character in Greek mythology. Purchased in 1950 by the British Museum , the chalice's enigmatic properties have puzzled scientists for decades. A first answer came only in 1990, when a team of English researchers, examining some fragments of the chalice under a microscope,...

800 thousand years ago human footprints from England are the oldest in Europe

The oldest human footprints ever discovered in Europe have been found in England. These are the first human footprints outside Africa. Five people, who lived around 800,000 years ago, imprinted their feet in the mud on the shore of an ancient estuary at Happisburgh, north-east Norfolk.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 24 May 2024
800 thousand years ago human footprints from England are the oldest in Europe
Perhaps it was a simple British family on some random day 800,000 years ago, but the footprints of up to five people imprinted in the mud of an ancient estuary of Happisburgh, on the coast eastern part of the country are the oldest human footprints ever observed in Europe, the first evidence of human life on the old continent and the first ever found outside of Africa. “At first we didn't know what we were seeing,” explained at the time of the discovery Dr. Nick Ashton of the British Museum. “But as we removed the sand residue, it was clear that the cavities resembled footprints and that we needed to analyze the surface as quickly as ...

We all descend from a single species: a skull that rewrites the man history

A hominid with characteristics previously never observed together in the fossils of one of our ancestor has been found in Georgia. The debate flares up among scholars: did the hominids of 1.8 million years ago all belong to the same species?

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 24 May 2024
We all descend from a single species: a skull that rewrites the man history
The human family tree could be revised, even rewritten, after the discovery of the remains of the hominid from Dmanisi, in Georgia, in which we recognise, as in a "collage", different characteristics never previously observed all together in the fossils of one of our ancestor. As reported in an 2013 article (https://doi.org/10.1126/science.342.6156.297) published in the journal Science, David Lordkipanidze and his colleagues who study the human fossils of Dmanisi, Georgia, dating back to one million and 800,000 years ago, have put forward a proposal that would overturn the entire scheme of our evolution, at least for the l...

Who is really buried in Herod's tomb?

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 24 May 2024
Who is really buried in Herod's tomb?
In 2007 archaeologist Ehud Netzer discovered a tomb located in the desert not far from Jerusalem. At first, the researcher was convinced that he was in front of the mausoleum of Herod the Great, the ruler who ruled Judea not long before Jesus preached. However, further investigation suggests that the burial appears to be decidedly modest for having belonged to a ruler. Archaeologists Joseph Patrick and Benjamin Arubas of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem think that the awkward structure of the tomb and the three modest coffins contained within it are too contrasting with the style of King Herod reported in the chronicles of the time. Pat...

Haʻamonga ʻa Maui: the megalithic gate built by the Gods

In the Pacific Ocean, covering an area of ​​approximately 748 km², there are the 150 islands that form the Kingdom of Tonga, a constitutional monarchy of Oceania, with its capital in Nuku'alofa. On one of its islands stands one of the most enigmatic megalithic monuments in the Pacific, a trilithon called Ha'amonga 'a Maui.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
Haʻamonga ʻa Maui: the megalithic gate built by the Gods
The Kingdom of Tonga is a sovereign island state in Oceania, whose territory is composed of an archipelago of 150 islands and islets, 40 of which are inhabited, located in the South Pacific Ocean, approximately one third of the distance between New Zealand and Hawaii. It is located south of Samoa and east of Fiji. Nearly 2/3 of the inhabitants live on the kingdom's largest island, Tongatapu. Although many Tongans have moved to the archipelago's urban center, Nuku'alofa (where the local lifestyle mixes with the European one), village life and family ties remain very important in Tongan culture. The state of Tonga is also ca...

“Lady of Elche” or “Lady of Atlantis”?

There is a controversial artifact whose origins remain unclear. It is called the "Lady of Elche", from the name of the Spanish town where she was found. Despite the debate among scholars, perhaps the statue will forever remain a piece of ancient art of unknown origins and dating.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
“Lady of Elche” or “Lady of Atlantis”?
On August 4, 1897, during some work on a farm in L'Alcúdia, about two kilometers south of Elche, Valencia, Spain, a young 14-year-old worker, Manuel Campello Esclapez, hit something hard with his spade in the ground. The young man called other workers and they began to dig frantically, until they brought to light a wonderful bust depicting a lady from antiquity. This “popular” version of the story differs from the official report drawn up by Pedro Ibarra Ruiz, a local official, according to which the discoverer was a certain Antonio Maciá. The bust, renamed "The Lady of Elche", measures 56 cm in height and on its back has a spherical ...

Did the ancient people of Mesopotamia have a “computerized” filing system?

Some researchers claim to have found evidence of the world's oldest data storage system. Is it possible that the people of Mesopotamia were familiar with computers? Could the oldest data storage system date back more than 5 thousand years?

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
Did the ancient people of Mesopotamia have a “computerized” filing system?
A team of scientists tried to crack an ancient code that could reveal surprising knowledge of data storage system of our ancestors, several millennia ahead of our modern storage systems. The term Mesopotamia identifies the geographical area delimited by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, corresponding to modern Iraq, the northern section of Syria and a small part of south-eastern Turkey. Mesopotamia is considered the cradle of civilization, as the complexity of its ancient societies has continued down to our current way of life. The classic example is that of the Sumerians, whose writings reveal a society with a complex organization, with r...

The pillar of Ashoka: the amazing metallurgic art of the ancient Indians

In Delhi, India, there is a surprising iron column which, despite having passed at least 15 centuries since its creation, shows no signs of rust and is so impenetrable to corrosion that modern technology is unable to match its structure.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
The pillar of Ashoka: the amazing metallurgic art of the ancient Indians
The so-called Iron Pillar (or Ashoka Column ), located in Delhi (India), is an iron column 7 meters and 21 centimeters high, weighing 6 tons and with a diameter of 41 centimeters. The column dates back to at least 423 AD and has no rust despite having been exposed to the monsoon climate for 1600 years. It was probably built by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya (375 AD – 414 AD), during the Gupta empire which reigned over northern India between the 4 th and 6 th centuries. The pillar originally stood at a place called Vishnupadagiri (Vishnu's footprint hill). During the Gupta Empire, Vishnupadagiri was a center of astronomical studies, as t...

Misplaced objects: Lake Winnipesaukee stone

The mysterious Lake Winnipesaukee stone is a supposed “out of place artifact” (oopart) discovered in 1872 during an excavation for the construction of a fence. The Stone Age, its purpose and its achievers are unknown. The stone is currently on display at the Museum of New Hampshire History.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
Misplaced objects: Lake Winnipesaukee stone
In 1872, a group of workers excavating a fence near Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire, came across an object that seemed out of place, an enigmatic black egg-shaped stone with a series of strange engravings, including a face, a teepee (typical American Indian tent), an ear of corn, a spiral and other enigmatic symbols. When it was presented to the experts, some questions immediately arose: who made the stone and why? How old it is and, above all, how was it sculpted? At the time of its discovery The American Naturalist described the stone as “an extraordinary Indian relic that has attracted the wonder of the scientific world”. However, to...

Enigmatic treasures from the Titicaca's lake

A group of underwater archaeologists has discovered at the bottom of Lake Titicaca, in Bolivia, a real treasure made up of pieces of gold and silver, bones and 1500-year-old ceramics.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 23 May 2024
Enigmatic treasures from the Titicaca's lake
Located at almost 4 thousand meters above sea level, Lake Titicaca, with its 8 thousand square kilometers of extension, is the largest lake in South America. It is so large that half of its waters belong to Peru, while the other half belong to Bolivia. It is a very important lake for the mythology and history of the South American natives, and there are numerous legends that tell of cities submerged in the waters of Titicaca. However, some surprising findings suggest that the legends have their roots in real events. In 2014 a group of underwater archaeologists participated in an expedition to the bottom of Titicaca's lake and recovere...

The alien? Once there were, now they are all extinct!

Aliens do not contact us simply because they are extinct. This is the original hypothesis formulated by astrobiologists at the Australian National University to explain the difficulty of finding signs of life in the universe despite its teeming with potentially habitable planets.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
The alien? Once there were, now they are all extinct!
In 1950, while working in the Los Alamos laboratories, Enrico Fermi took part in a conversation with some colleagues, including Edward Teller, during lunch in the laboratory canteen. The conversation was about a recent UFO sighting reported in the press, about which a satirical cartoon made fun. The conversation continued on various related topics, until suddenly, during lunch, Fermi exclaimed “ Where is everybody? ”. Yeah, where is everyone? If aliens exist, why haven't they contacted us yet? To the numerous hypotheses formulated to answer this question, we add that formulated by astrobiologists at the Australian National University ...
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Do the Men in Black exist? Is anyone monitoring alien activity on our planet?

In the collective imagination, fueled by the hilarious film trilogy featuring two excellent Hollywood actors, Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones, the Men in Black are mysterious characters dressed in black clothes who are concerned with "cleaning up" the evidence of any alien contacts and to address those who have had some type of "close encounter" with alien entities, recommending them not to tell anyone what they have seen.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
Do the Men in Black exist? Is anyone monitoring alien activity on our planet?
The origins of the Men in Black can be traced back to the early 1950s, when a UFO enthusiast named Albert Bender founded a small organization, the International Flying Saucer Bureau, and began publishing a magazine called “Space Review”. In 1953, Bender claimed to have been visited by “three men wearing dark suits” who told him to immediately stop publishing classified information about flying saucers. About a decade later, Bender wrote an in-depth book on his strange story, hypothesizing that his mysterious visitors were "shape-shifting" extraterrestrials worried that humanity might learn of their existence. According to Bender, the Men ...

In our DNA there are traces of a completely unknown hominid species

We are the fruit of an intricate genetic mosaic, to which is added a mysterious lineage of humans that has left its signature in the DNA of modern humans.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
In our DNA there are traces of a completely unknown hominid species
A 2013 study (https://www.nature.com/articles/nature.2013.14196) reveals that our genetic makeup is the result of crossbreeding between modern humans, Neanderthals, Denisovans and a fourth mysterious, completely unknown archaic lineage. The analyzes suggest that our genetic makeup is the result of crossbreeding that occurred in Europe and Asia about 30 thousand years ago between four human lineages, one of which, in addition to that of modern humans, the Neanderthals and the Denisovans, is completely unknown to the experts. Neanderthals are an extinct group of humans who lived between 130,000 and 30,000 years ago. Despite ...

The enigma of the viking sword Ulfberht: forged with future technologies?

Ulfberht is the name stamped on particular Viking swords used in Scandinavia around the 10th century AD. The forging of these weapons baffles researchers as it was not possible to revisit the technique until at least the Industrial Revolution. Did the Vikings possess superior technology ahead of their time?

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
The enigma of the viking sword Ulfberht: forged with future technologies?
Chronicles say that those who wielded an Ulfberht sword had a significant advantage over their enemies. Although similar in size and shape to a common Viking sword, the Ulfberht was much more durable and capable of penetrating armor with ease. The blade of an Ulfberht was very flexible compared to the weapons of the time, so solid that it easily penetrated wood and steel, thus giving the swordsman the possibility of easily eliminating the enemy. It was owned only by the chiefs and a small elite of warriors. The characteristic mark that identified her was imprinted on her blade: + VLFBERH + T The meaning of the word “Ulfberht” is not known...

Oldest lunar calendar in the world is 10 thousand years old

Evidence suggests that the hunter-gatherer societies of Mesolithic Scotland had the need and ability to keep track of time, at least 5,000 years before the first calendars were developed in Mesopotamia. In this way, the research marks an important step towards the formal understanding of time and, therefore, of history itself.

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
Oldest lunar calendar in the world is 10 thousand years old
Some discoveries forces us to review the cultural evolution of humanity. One example is the analysis of the ancient archaeological site of Warren Campo , in Scotland, discovered in 2004 by the National Trust for Scotland. The site, dating back to around 8000 BC, contains a long row of 12 wells. Analyses, obtained with the help of specially created software capable of analyzing the relationship between the distance of the wells, the topography of the site and the movements of the sun and moon, convinced archaeologists that the wells represent the months of year and the lunar phases of the month. Keeping track of time would have been immens...

Makhunik: the Iranian city of the world's smallest humans?

An ancient village in the south of Khorasan province (Iran), the city of the smallest humans in the world, amazes with its extremely small size. In 2005, not far from the miniature city, the body of an individual measuring just 25 cm was found.

lostcivilizations's profile picture
Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 19 May 2024
Makhunik: the Iranian city of the world's smallest humans?
On this journals I have often talked about giant human beings who, according to some indications, inhabited our planet in a remote time. However, despite the great literature on giants, little if any convincing archaeological evidence has ever been shown to the general public. Different case, however, for "dwarf" human beings. A few years ago, the discovery of a fossilized body of a small human species, renamed Homo floresiensis caused a sensation. Lived 13 thousand years ago, he was just over one meter tall and with a cranial capacity of 380 cm 3 , much smaller not only compared to his contemporaries, but also to all the known hominids t...

The Merovingians and the Holy Grail

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 18 May 2024
The Merovingians and the Holy Grail
The hypothesis of a mythical descent from Jesus and Mary Magdalene, derived from the decipherment of the Holy Grail as Sang Real, was the discovery-revelation of the best-sellers of a few years ago, starting from the famous The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by M Baigent - G. Leigh - H. Lincoln up to the more recent Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown. These books and other studies have theorized the survival of a messianic lineage, which arrived in France with the landing of Magdalene and Joseph of Arimathea on the coasts of Provence, which would then merge into the lineage of the ancient Merovingian sovereigns, the main descendants and guardians ...

Does human DNA contain a gene from the gods?

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 18 May 2024
Does human DNA contain a gene from the gods?
In this article I would like to make some reflections on human DNA and its presumed origin. What drives us to dig into our past? It is the desire for knowledge or simply the unconscious reaction to an ancient principle or to a future already experienced, to live a present, with a different awareness? In the vain search for answers we realize that time and space are relative concepts, about which modern man can only fantasize, conjecturing theses and hypotheses placed at the borders of human existence itself. Will we ever discover the history of our genesis? Maybe yes! But it will not be thanks to earthly man, because he lives enclosed in ...

The AF 447 disaster and the South Atlantic magnetic anomaly

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 16 May 2024
The AF 447 disaster and the South Atlantic magnetic anomaly
On the night of June 1, 2009, a twin-engine Airbus A330 plane, of the French company Air France, (flight AF 447), was flying with 228 people on board, in the South Atlantic, on a north-east route. He had left a few hours earlier from Rio de Janeiro and his final destination was the city of Paris. The last message received by the Brazilian air traffic control system dates back to 1.33 AM (UTC), when the plane approached the edge of the Brazilian-controlled air zone. After approximately forty minutes, the Senegalese control towers received a series of automatic messages indicating numerous anomalies and malfunctions, including significant d...
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The extinction of the Yariguies ethnic group

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Lost Civilizations (@lostcivilizations)
Published in 
 · 16 May 2024
The extinction of the Yariguies ethnic group
When Christopher Columbus arrived on the island of Guanahani, in October 1492, he could not imagine that in the New World, later called America, there lived a total of more than 2000 different peoples, for a total population of around 60 million people. As we know, the majority of these indigenous people died following the invasion of the Europeans, initially the Spanish and Portuguese and later the Dutch, English and French. Europeans unknowingly transported viruses and bacteria, often present in their animals: cattle, pigs and horses. The dispersion of these viruses, especially smallpox, caused many epidemics over the following centurie...
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